Here at DiscovHER HEALTH, we care about treating women with VULVAR CANCER.

The vulva consists of the labia majora (two large, fleshy lips), the labia minora (small lips that lie inside the labia majora), the prepuce (a fold of skin over the clitoris), the clitoris, the vestibule (the vaginal opening), and the perineum (the area between the vagina and the anus) and the anus. You can find out more about this by looking at the patient leaflet on the “Normal Vulva”.

What is Vulvar Cancer?

Vulvar cancer is an abnormal growth of cells that can occur on any part of the vulva. Cancer of the vulva is not common. It accounts for about 4% of cancers affecting the female genital organs, and less than half a percent of all cancers in women. There are several types of vulvar cancer; they are classified according to which cells in the skin become abnormal.

Squamous cell carcinomas are the most common (over 90%) type of vulvar cancer. Squamous cells make up the outer layer of the skin. These types of vulvar cancer occur most often on the labia majora, but can be found anywhere on the vulva.

Malignant melanoma is the second most common type of vulvar cancer. Melanoma develops from the color producing skin cells called “melanocytes”, and is most often found on the labia minora or clitoris.

Other types of vulvar cancer include: Adenocarcinomas, Paget’s disease, Sarcomas, Verrucous carcinomas, and Basal cell carcinomas.

Early diagnosis of vulvar cancer leads to less complicated treatment and the best outcome. Examining your vulva regularly may help you discover abnormal changes early, which will allow early treatment & the best outcome.

Common signs and symptoms of Vulvar Cancer

A cut or sore on the vulva that does not heal

A lump, a warty growth, or a mass on the vulva

Skin on the vulva that looks whiter, darker, or of different colors, or feels rougher than the surrounding skin

Any change in color or size of a mole that was already on the vulva

Persistent vulvar itching

Severe vulvar burning

Painful urination (peeing)

Bleeding from the vulva

When an abnormal vulvar change is found, a biopsy (removal of a small piece of tissue) is necessary to provide the correct diagnosis and decide on the best treatment.

Treatment of vulvar cancer is closely related to the stage, type and location of the disease. The patient’s overall health condition is also important in determining appropriate treatment.

See ONE OF OUR EXPERTS if you have any of the problems with this condition.
The recommended treatment will depend on the your symptoms and your overall health.
To make the best decision for you, discuss the risks and benefits with us.

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